mental illness

mental illness
a disorder of one or more of the functions of the mind (such as emotion, perception, memory, or thought), which causes suffering to the patient or others. If the sole problem is that the individual's behaviour as a whole is out of line with society's expectations, then the term ‘illness’ is not appropriate.
Mental illness should be distinguished from mental retardation, in which an individual has a general failure of development of the normal intellectual capacities. Mental illnesses are broadly divided into disorders in which the capacity for appreciating reality is lost (see psychosis) and those in which insight is retained (see neurosis).

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • mental illness — n MENTAL DISORDER * * * a disorder of one or more of the functions of the mind (such as emotion, perception, memory, or thought), which causes suffering to the patient or others. If the sole problem is that the individual s behaviour as a whole… …   Medical dictionary

  • mental illness — mental ill·ness n 1: mental disease 2: a mental condition marked primarily by sufficient disorganization of personality, mind, and emotions to seriously impair the normal psychological and often social functioning of the individual – called also… …   Law dictionary

  • mental illness — [n] mental disorder depression, emotional disorder, emotional instability, insanity, maladjustment, mania, mental sickness, nervous breakdown, neurosis, neurotic disorder, personality disorder, phobia, psychosis, schizophrenia; concepts 316,410 …   New thesaurus

  • mental illness — A disputed concept (see for example the entries elsewhere in this dictionary on Laing and anti psychiatry) founded on the everyday contrast between mind and body which, when applied to illness, generates an opposition between two contrasting… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • MENTAL ILLNESS — Man has been subject to mental illness from the earliest known times. The Bible makes frequent reference   to it among Jews, and describes recognizable types of mental disturbances. The reference in Leviticus 20:27, A man also or a woman that… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • mental illness — noun any disease of the mind; the psychological state of someone who has emotional or behavioral problems serious enough to require psychiatric intervention • Syn: ↑mental disease, ↑psychopathy • Ant: ↑mental health • Derivationally related forms …   Useful english dictionary

  • mental illness — UK / US noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms mental illness : singular mental illness plural mental illnesses medical an illness that affects someone s mind …   English dictionary

  • mental illness — noun a) The property of being mentally ill; mental disorders taken as a whole. Such studies show that geniuses are not any more likely to suffer from mental illness than the rest of us. b) A mental disorder. Epilepsy is not a mental illness. It… …   Wiktionary

  • mental illness — I insanity. II (Roget s 3 Superthesaurus) n. emotional disorder, personality disorder, neurosis, psychosis, maladjustment, schizophrenia, delusions, phobia, mania, insanity, nervous breakdown. see insanity, phobia, mania III (Roget s Thesaurus… …   English dictionary for students

  • Mental Illness Fellowship of Australia — Mental Illness Fellowship Australia (MIFA) is a national mental health organisation in Australia. Its key activities involve advocacy for the rights of mentally ill people and providing the community with the latest information concerning mental… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”